Nuclear Energy

What it is

Nuclear energy is used to create heat and electricity. Nuclear Power can refer to Nuclear fission Nuclear Fusion and Nuclear decay.
Nuclear fission is a radioactive decay that causes the nucleus to split in to smaller particles. The fission process often ends with free neutrons and photons in the form of gamma rays and releases a very large amount of energy.
Nuclear Fusion is a fusion of 2 atomic nuclei that collide at very high speeds which creates photons and creates light and energy. An example of this happening right now is the sun which is constantly causing particles to crash in to each other.
Nuclear Decay or radioactivity is the process when a nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by shooting particles of radiation. It is mainly occurs in gamma rays alpha particles and beta particles
A big example of nuclear energy are nuclear power plants.
A nuclear power plant is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor. In conventional thermal power stations the heat is used to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator which produces electricity. With fusion energy hydrogen atoms are fused together. With fission energy uranium is ripped apart. There are currently 31 countries that use nuclear power plants. Nuclear Energy Sources are found of Military war ships and submarines.

Experiment

Summary on info page

In 1903 Sir William Crookes was experimenting with the most expensive material on Earth at the time, Radium Bromide. While working in complete darkness he spilled the Radium Bromide on a small amount of zinc sulfide. When he used a microscope to locate every piece of Radium bromide to his amazement he saw small flashes of light around each grain of the radioactive substance. These Flashes were caused by alpha particles emitted of the compound he had just made. The flashes of light were photons emitted from splitting atoms

Abstract

The purpose of the experiment was to determine if Zinc Sulfide would react with Radium Bromide and cause small nuclear like explosions that could release some sort of energy. After waited in a dark room to allow rods in the eyes to adjust to the darkness for 15 min fuzzy like light could be seen through the eye glass. The results determined that Zinc sulfide and radium bromide would react and don't have much energy. The particles proved to have much more energy than thought and are able to burst a (amount) kilometers an hour but couldn't escape the bag and container it is in. In fact it could not break through a peace of paper.

Pictures

Radio active atom_NM.jpg

Caption 1 An example of a decaying atom.

Nuclear power plant.jpg
Caption 2 An example of a nuclear power plant.

Play-Doh Model

NM_Playdoh model.JPG
Caption 3 A nucleus releasing energy around it